Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injury is a public health crisis in the United States that results in death or disability to thousands of people every year. The CDC notes that traumatic brain injury results in 30% of all injury deaths. A traumatic brain injury is devastating and can result in life-altering changes for a victim.

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is sudden damage to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head. A TBI usually disrupts the normal functioning of the brain. An object that penetrates the brain tissue can also cause a TBI. TBIs can range from mild concussions to severe brain damage.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injury

The severity and type of traumatic brain injury can have an impact on a person’s ability to recover. Some types of TBI include:

  • Concussions—these are the most common type of TBI. A concussion occurs when the brain hits the inside of the skull. This can happen due to a blow to the head or rapid deceleration. A concussion can result in an altered mental state that can be either temporary or prolonged.
  • Coup-contrecoup—this occurs when there is damage or bruising to the brain tissue caused by a slamming of the skull. Injury can be caused to the impact side or the opposite of where the impact occurred.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury—this type of injury is similar to a concussion but is more serious. It occurs when the brain moves so rapidly that the brain stem can’t keep up, and there are tears in the connection to the brain.
  • Hematoma—occurs when a blood vessel ruptures in the brain. This can lead to the collection of blood in the brain tissue or open spaces surrounding the brain.
  • Penetrating Injury—this occurs when a sharp object or a bullet penetrates the skull and enters the brain.
  • Skull Fracture—a fracture of the bone surrounding the brain.

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury 

While a TBI can occur in any number of different ways, there are some common causes, including:

  • Falls—the most common cause of TBI, the CDC notes that falls account for close to half of TBI-related emergency department visits.
  • Motor Vehicle Crashes—the second leading cause of TBI, motor-vehicle crashes account for approximately 20% of traumatic brain injuries.
  • Violence—gunshot wounds, domestic violence, and assaults also account for a significant number of TBIs.

Contact a South Florida Injury Attorney

If you or someone you love has sustained a TBI due to someone’s negligence or intentional act, you should have your case evaluated by an experienced injury attorney. Gregg Goldfarb has been helping the injured for over 20 years. Contact us online or call us at 305-374-7000 to schedule a free consultation.

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